TAKASE TECH TECHNOLOGY FOR THE PROCESSING OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE, SANITARY WASTE, SLURRY AND BIOMASS (ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE)
Converts different waste of various compositions (organic materials, plastics, paper, cardboard, textiles, biomass, slurry, etc.) into:
With low manufacturing, installation, operation, and maintenance costs
Patented and tested Takase Tech technology allows the conversion of waste materials to be economically viable, without requiring government aid or economic incentives.
Additionally, Takase Tech is especially green as it emits no environmentally damaging substances during its operation.
Basic operating diagram/functioning scheme
This diagram does not include standard auxiliary machinery which may be part of waste pretreatment, E.g separator or crusher, or subsequent treatment of obtained material.
Operating mechanism consisting of technology on a molecular level:
Mechanism for moisture removal on a cellular level:
Takase Tech can treat
The accumulation of Municipal Solid Waste (MSU) is one of our biggest environmental problems today and a difficult legacy for future generations.
A great part of these residues are incinerated or carried to dumping sites.
Waste management has become one of the main challenges of today’s society.
On average, a person generates around 1.5 Kg of garbage per day. In most cases, the municipal solid waste management ends with its disposal in a dumping site. Other ways of management such as recycling or energy recovery represent even lower levels of use.
The Takase Tech technology converts municipal solid waste into a homogenous product of high added value, similar to a solid combustible, which does not contain heavy metals, chlorine, salts, toxic or pathogenic elements. When burnt, this composition makes it emit less polluting substances than solid fossil fuels (CO2, SOX, NOX, etc.) and NO dioxins or furans.
Through Takase Tech technology a product is obtained which is ideal for incineration and energy production or can undergo an anaerobic fermentation process and produce methane.
Although the conversion systems of vegetal biomass in energy are widely spread, the Takase Tech technology improves the efficiency of conventional systems because of its mechanism responsible for the elimination of humidity at intracellular levels, which allows a smaller investment in facilities and a greater energy production.
If an anaerobic fermentation process is carried out, the facility doubles its efficiency compared to biomass processing without Takase Tech. By carrying out a combustion, the efficiency increases by a factor of 1.5.
Animal biomass (excrement and animal waste, slurry, farm waste, etc.) is a big environmental problem due to:
- Enormous daily generation
- High pollution capacity because of the high concentration of toxic compounds
- Its difficulty to process
On a global basis, Takase Tech is the only technology which deals with this kind of biomass in an efficient and economical way, obtaining a perfect product to be used either as a fertiliser, to be burnt and produce energy, or to carry out an anaerobic fermentation process and produce methane, improving the efficiency of the process by a factor of 3 when compared to other conventional technologies.
Takase Tech technology has proved its viability to treat any kind of animal biomass (waste from every type of bird or from pig and cattle farms, etc.) in a profitable and successful way, converting it into a product of high added value capable of being used as a fertiliser or a combustible.
Slurries consist of a mix of water and solids separated from sewage as a result of natural or artificial processes.
It is an extremely liquid waste (more than 95% water). Its composition is varying and depends on the pollution load of the initial wastewater and on the wastewater treatment techniques.
Water treatment concentrates the pollution present in the water and therefore, the sewage has a wide variety of suspended and dissolved matter. Some of this matter has an agronomic value (organic matter, nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) and to a lesser extent calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg) and other essential micronutrients for plants) and other matter with potential contaminants like pathogens, organic pollutants and heavy metals, among them cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), mercury (Hg), nickel (Ni), lead (Pb) and zinc (Zn).
Due to these pollutants and substances which are dangerous to human health, sewage must be treated.
By using the Takase Tech technology, sewage is converted into an excellent fertiliser and even into a solid combustible depending on the composition and the characteristics.
Sanitary waste is everything generated by any establishment or service in which they carry out activities for human health. In this sense, medical supplies must be considered waste from the moment their clinical use is complete.
Sanitary waste is gathered in two groups depending on their associated risks: safe and unsafe.
Safe sanitary waste can be grouped with municipal solid waste, and therefore its management and treatment is carried out in the same conditions.
Unsafe sanitary waste is that which requires the adoption of preventative measures during the picking up, storage, transport and treatment both inside and outside the sanitary centre, since it may present a risk for occupational and public health, as well as for the environment.
Takase Tech technology can treat every kind of sanitary waste except glass, metal, rubber and radioactive waste.
Due to its ability to destroy pathogens, the Takase Tech technology is perfect to treat waste containing infectious agents (viruses, germs, bacteria, etc.), converting this waste into a product ready for combustion and energy production.
Resulting product of the treatment
The resulting product of the treatment with the Takase Tech technology will have different characteristics depending on the kind of waste treated and thus will have different uses too.
The following pictures show the resulting products from different waste:
Municipal solid waste
MSW + Fish
Uses of the resulting product from the Takase Tech treatment.
Important characteristics of the resulting product
The result is a perfect product to be used as a solid combustible or as a fertiliser depending on the characteristics of the materials to be treated.
It is obtained in a fine granular state, which makes combustion easier.
Since it’s a hydrothermal process and not a combustion, the resulting product retains the caloric value of the starting materials.
It’s free of bad odours, pathogens (viruses, bacteria, germs, etc.) and toxic elements as they are removed in the transformation process.
Zero or close to zero salt, chlorine and heavy metal content. Should a small concentration of them remain, no reaction would take place from the combustion of the resulting product and no dioxins nor furans would be produced.
Possibility to regulate the level of humidity depending on the use. If it is used as fuel, the obtainment of a low humidity level (less than 20%) can be regulated.
In case of using it to carry out an anaerobic fermentation process to produce methane, it would be regulated to obtain a high level of humidity, which is ideal for these types of processes.
It has an adequate degree of combustibility.
The ash content is moderate.
Due to the desulphurisation produced during the process, when burning the resulting product, the quantity of SOX in the gases resulting from combustion is very low.
Substantial reduction of CO2, NOX and other polluting gases generated in the combustion.
It is perfect to carry out an anaerobic fermentation process and to produce methane.
It is perfect to carry out a gasification process and obtain synthesis gas.
Combustible features from the product obtained in the treatment of biomass, municipal solid waste and slurry:
|Analysis of the differential value
Characteristics of gasification
|Both the flammability and the gasification are satisfactory, thus the product can be used as an ordinary combustible.|
|Characteristics of the ash||The melting point is higher than 1.000 ºC.|
|Composition of the synthesis gas.||Gas suitable as combustible to generate electric energy.
The reaction is best at 900 – 1000 ºC for the methanol synthesis.
|Assessment as a combustible||The combustibility is satisfactory and can be used as an ordinary combustible.
Humidity lower than 20% is ideal.
|Raw material for gasification||Humidity must be fixed between 15% – 20%.
Due to ash generation, proper machinery must be used.
Microscopic analysis of the resulting product
The resulting products of the treatment of several matters (municipal solid waste, biomass and slurry) have been analysed with an electronic microscope.
The result of this analysis has showed the great chemical transformation that the products treated by the Takase Tech technology undergo.
A very important fact that was observed was the ability of Takase Tech technology to eliminate the moisture contained inside the cells of the materials. This is very hard to achieve.
This analysis has allowed different observations to be made based on several materials: municipal solid waste, rice husks, sewage sludge, as well as raw and processed chaff. Observations were made with each material by itself and with wastes mixed together.
Some images captured by microscope can be seen below.